Tests and Diagnosis

A blood test to check cholesterol levels called a lipid panel gives the reports of the following:

  • LDL cholesterol
  • HDL cholesterol
  • Total cholesterol

Variations in LDL targets

As we all know that LDL cholesterol is considered to be a major risk factor for heart disease, it’s the main focus of cholesterol-lowering treatment. Depending on your underlying risk of heart disease target LDL number can vary,

It is recommended that you aim for an LDL level below 130 mg/dL (3.4 mmol/L).

 These are the other following risk factors might also place you in the high-risk group:

  • High blood pressure
  • Low HDL cholesterol
  • Smoking
  • Family history of early heart disease
  • Diabetes
  • Age older than 45 if you’re a man, or older than 55 if you’re a woman

Cholesterol testing in children
it is estimated that children as young as age 2 can have high cholesterol, but it does not mean that all children need to have this test. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends a cholesterol test (fasting lipid panel) for children between the ages of 2 and 10 who have a known family history of high cholesterol.