Cholestrol

What are the Different Types of Cholesterol?

Cholesterol is a hard and thick deposit which is referred as plaque. When the excess of plaque forms it deposits on the inner walls of the arteries this blocking the flow of blood from the heart to various organs of the body and vice versa. There are

different types of cholesterol

which are discussed briefly discussed below in this article. Let us examine them.

Different types of cholesterol in the body:

Cholesterol present in the body travel through blood by attaching to a protein. Lipoprotein is the cholesterol-protein package. These lipoproteins are differentiated into three types based on the amount of protein in relation to the fat. These include low density lipoproteins or LDL, high density lipoproteins (HDL) or very low density lipoprotein (VLDL).

  • LDL or low density lipoproteins:

    LDL or low density proteins are also known as bad cholesterol. This can cause the plaque buildup on the inner walls of the arteries. The higher the amount of LDL levels in the blood, greater is the risk of developing heart disease or attack.

  • HDL or high density lipoproteins:

    HDL or high density proteins are also known as good cholesterol. This helps the body to get rid of LDL or bad cholesterol levels in the blood. If there is low levels of HDL, then your are at greater risk of develop heart disease. The higher the HDL levels in the body, the better.

  • VLDL or very low density lipoproteins:

    VLDL or very low density lipoproteins is similar to low density lipoproteins. This contains mostly fat but very less amounts of protein attached.

  • Triglycerides:

    Triglycerides are the type of fat. It is carried by VLDL (very low density lipoproteins) in the blood. Excess amount of sugar, alcohol or calories are converted into the triglycerides inside the body and stored in the cells throughout the body.

The above article discusses briefly about the

different types of cholesterol

. Overtime, the buildup of cholesterol causes hardening of arteries (atherosclerosis) which can ultimately lead to angina (heart pain), heart attack or disease.

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