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Congenital Heart Disease in Adults – Symptoms and Causes

Congenital heart defect or congenital heart disease is an abnormality in the structure of the heart with which one is born. This defect was often fatal, however this condition is far more treatable now-a-days. Although congenital heart defect is generally considered to be a childhood condition, but this can also occur in adulthood. In this article, there is a brief discussion on the

symptoms and causes of congenital heart disease in adults

.

Symptoms and Causes of Congenital Heart Disease in Adults

Here are the symptoms and causes of congenital heart defect in adults.

Symptoms of congenital heart disease in adults:

The congenital heart disease signs and symptoms may not be seen until later in the life (adulthood). They might recur in future after some years of treatment for the congenital heart defect. Some of the typical congenital heart disease signs and symptoms include the following:

  • Arrhythmias (abnormal heart rhythms)
  • Cyanosis (A bluish tint on the skin)
  • Fainting or dizziness
  • Tiring quickly upon the exertion
  • Edema (Swelling of various tissue or organs of the body)

If you notice any of the congenital heart disease signs or symptoms, then consult your doctor immediately. Individuals suffering with severe shortness of breath or chest pain must seek immediate medical attention.

Causes of congenital heart disease in adults:

In most individuals, the congenital heart disease causes are unknown. However, there are a few risk factors that are associated with a greater chances if developing congenital heart disease. Some of the risk factors include the following:

  • Chromosomal or genetic abnormalities in the kid such as Down syndrome
  • Drinking alcohol or drug abuse or taking some medications during pregnancy
  • The risk of a kid developing congenital heart defect increases if the siblings or parents are already with a congenital heart disease.
  • Maternal viral infections (German measles – Rubella) in the first three months of pregnancy.
  • Diabetes: If the mother has type I or II diabetes, then it may affect the development of heart in the womb. However, gestational diabetes generally does not increase one’s chances of developing heart disease.

The above article discusses briefly about the

symptoms and causes of congenital heart disease in adults

. Kids who have congenital heart disease may develop this defect later in future even after the treatment. Thus, patients with this defect must undergo diagnosis or consult their medical professional or doctor often.

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