What are the Causes of Congenital Heart Disease in Children?

Congenital heart disease occurs due to the malformation or a defect in either one or more parts of the blood vessels or the heart which occurs before birth. The malformation or the defect occurs during the development of fetus in the uterus and it affects about 8-10 out of 1,000 kids. The symptoms of congenital heart disease can be noticed during birth, during the childhood and sometimes before the adulthood. The

causes of congenital heart disease in children

are discussed below in this article. Let us examine them.

Causes of Congenital Heart Disease in Children:

Here is a list of congenital heart disease causes. In majority of individuals, congenital heart disease cause is not known. But, there are some risk factors which are associated with a greater risk of developing congenital heart. The risk factors of this congenital disease are mentioned below:

  • Chromosomal abnormalities or genetic abnormalities in the kid such as the Down syndrome.
  • Drug abuse especially during pregnancy is the major cause of congenital heart disease.
  • Drinking alcohol during pregnancy is another cause of congenital heart disease.
  • Taking certain medications or drugs is one of the congenital heart disease causes.
  • Maternal infections by the virus, such as German measles (rubella) in the first 3 months (trimester) of pregnancy.
  • Diabetes: Diabetes during pregnancy may interfere with the heart development in the fetus.
  • There is a greater risk of having a baby with the congenital heart disease if the sibling or the parent has the congenital heart defect. This congenital heart defect risk increases from 8 in 1,000 to 16 in 1,000.

The above article discusses about the causes of congenital heart disease in children. Thus, individuals must take above the risk factors or causes seriously to avoid all heart defects or other defects in the child.

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