Cholestrol

List of High Cholesterol Medication

High levels of cholesterol can be controlled mainly be following three main things. Firstly, maintaining a healthy diet rich in fiber and low in fat, including cholesterol lowering medications and following a healthy exercise. There is a

list of cholesterol medication

which helps to lower the levels of high cholesterol. In this article, we shall examine high cholesterol lowering medications.

List of high cholesterol medication

The list of cholesterol lowering medications include the following

  • Statins:

    • Drug names:

      Attoprev (lovastatin), Lescol (fluvastatin), Mevacor (lovastatin), Crestor (rosuvastatin), Zocor (simvastatin), Lipitor (atorvastatin) and Pravachol (pravastatin).

    • Benefits:

      These drugs help by decreasing the levels of triglycerides and LDL, and by slightly increasing HDL levels.

    • Possible side effects and cautions:

      The possible side effects of this drug statin and cautions while using it include nausea, constipation, stomach pain, diarrhea, cramps, pain and weakness, muscle soreness, possible interaction with the the grapefruit juice.

  • Bile acid binding resins:

    • Drug names:

      Collestid (colestipol), Welchol (colesevelam) and Questran (cholestyramine sucrose).

    • Benefits:

      This drug helps in decreasing the levels of LDL or bad cholesterol.

    • Possible side effects:

      The possible side effects of this drug include nausea, constipation, gas, bloating and may also cause an increase in triglyceride levels.

  • Cholesterol absorption inhibitors:

    • Drug name:

      Zelia (ezetimibesimvastatin)

    • Benefits:

      This drug helps in decreasing the levels of LDL or bad cholesterol level, slightly decreases triglyceride levels and slightly increases HDL or good cholesterol level.

    • Possible side effects:

      The common side effects of high cholesterol medication – cholesterol absorption inhibitors include muscle soreness, fatigue and stomach pain.

  • Combination of statin and cholesterol absorption inhibitor:

    • Drug name:

      Vytorin (ezetimibesimvastatin)

    • Benefits:

      The combination of these drugs help in decreasing both the levels of triglycerides and LDL and also increases HDL.

    • Side effects:

      The possible side effects of this drug combinations include pain and weakness, muscle soreness, cramps, abdominal pain, constipation, gas, fatigue, stomach pain, possible interaction with the grapefruit juice.

  • Fibric acid derivatives or Fibrates:

    • Drug names:

      TriCor (fenofibrate), Lopid (gemfibrozil) and Lofibra (fenofibrate).

    • Benefits:

      The benefits of this drug include lowers triglyceride levels, reduces LDL or bad cholesterol levels and increases HDl or good cholesterol levels.

    • Side effects:

      The common side effects of this drug include gallstones, stomach pain and nausea.

  • Niacin:

    • Drug name:

      Niaspan (prescription niacin)

    • Benefits:

      This drug also reduces LDL or bad cholesterol levels, lowers triglyceride levels and increases HDL or good cholesterol levels.

    • Side effects:

      The side effects of niacin drug include peptic ulcers, high blood sugar, gout, diarrhea, vomiting, nausea, neck and facial flushing.

  • Combination of niacin and statin:

    • Drug name:

      Advicor (niacin-lovastatin)

    • Benefits:

      The benefits of drug combination of niacin and statin are it decreases triglyceride levels, lowers bad or LDL cholesterol level and increases good or HDL cholesterol level.

    • Side effects:

      The side effects of this drug combination include possible interaction with the grapefruit juice, chills, sweating, and shortness of breath, heart palpitations, dizziness, neck and facial flushing.

  • Omega-3 fatty acids:

    • Drug name:

      Lovaza (prescription omega-3 fatty acid supplement)

    • Benefits:

      The benefit of omega-3 fatty acid medication includes lowering the triglyceride levels.

    • Side effects:

      The possible side effects or the cautions while using these drug include increased risk for infection, fishy taste and belching.

The above is the

list of high cholesterol medication

. Most cholesterol lowering medications lowers the cholesterol levels with few possible side effects. The effectiveness of the cholesterol lowering medication increases when combined with exercise and a healthy diet, but it varies from one individual to the other. These high cholesterol lowering medication must be taken only after a doctor’s prescription. You doctor may take the liver function tests in order to monitor the affect of medication on the liver. It is also very important to maintain a healthy lifestyle as it helps in controlling the levels of cholesterol along with medications.

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