Cholestrol

Treatment for High Cholesterol at Home

High cholesterol is one among the several risk factors for developing coronary heart disease. Individuals having high cholesterol levels must consider their medical professional to discuss various treatment options. Because, they will diagnose an individuals overall risk factors for developing high cholesterol levels. Are you eager to know various

treatment options for high cholesterol levels

? Then, read on to know more.

Self-care at home

Risk factors are those conditions which cause an increase in the development of heart disease in an individual. Some of these risk factors could be changes, while other cannot be changed. In general, if an individual has more risk factors, the chances of developing coronary heart disease are greater.

Some of the risk factors which cannot be controlled are listed below:

  • Age:

    Individuals of the age group of 45 years or above for men and 55 years and above for women are at higher risk of developing coronary heart disease.

  • Family history:

    Family history of an early heart disease is another risk factor. For example, sister or brother affected with heart disease above the age group of 55 year or brother or father affected with heart disease above the age group of 65 years.

Some of the risk factors which can be controlled include the following:

  • High blood cholesterol levels (high bad (LDL) cholesterol levels and high total cholesterol levels):

    This condition can be controlled by following a healthy lifestyle and diet.

  • Low good (HDL) cholesterol levels:

    Low good (HDL) cholesterol levels increases the risk of developing coronary heart disease. Including a healthy diet and lifestyle helps in maintaining good cholesterol levels.

  • Smoking:

    This is a common risk factor for various illnesses and diseases including coronary heart disease. Smokers must quit smoking in order to lower their risk of developing heart disease.

  • High blood pressure:

    This is another major risk factor of heart disease and stroke. High blood pressure patients must lead a calm and a healthy lifestyle along with a healthy diet.

  • Diabetes:

    Increased sugar levels in the blood is also risk factor of developing heart disease and can be controlled by following a healthy diet (low carbohydrate foods).

  • Excess weight or obesity:

    Excess weight or obesity is a condition where there is an increase of fat content or can also be due to heredity. This increases the levels of cholesterol which can be reduced with a physical activity and by including healthy foods.

  • Reduced physical activity:

    Doing nothing or sitting ideal or reduced physical activities can increase the risk of developing coronary heart disease. Thus, individuals must include physical activities regularly. These activities include using stairs instead of lift, walking a mile distance or taking your pet a walk, etc.

If an individual has increased lipoproteins and thus increased cholesterol levels, then he/she must consider the medical professional or family doctor. He/she will able to work or diagnose the condition and provide treatment options which include dietary supplements and drug treatment. Depending on an individuals’ risk factors for high cholesterol levels,

treatment options for high cholesterol

may differ for lowering the bad or LDL cholesterol.

  • Diet as a treatment option:

    The National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) has created guidelines for the dietary supplements which include the following:

    • Total fat must be less than 30 percent of the daily intake of calories.
    • Saturated fat must be less than 7 percent of the daily intake of calories.
    • Polyunsaturated fat should be equal to or less than 10 percent of daily intake of calories.
    • Monosaturated fat must be approximately about 10 to 15 percent of daily intake of calories.
    • Cholesterol intake should be less than about 200 milligrams per day.
    • The intake of carbohydrate must be 50 to 60 percent per day.
    • Some individuals are able to lower their dietary cholesterol levels and fat intake by including a vegetarian diet.
    • One can also include Stanol esters in their diet as it may reduce the LDL levels by about 14 percent. Some of the products containing the Stanol esters include the substitutes of margarine (marketed as brand names Benecol and Take control).
    • Patients with high triglycerides levels may benefit by including a diet which is lower in carbohydrates and higher in monosaturated fats, particularly simple sugars. Olive oil is the common source of the monosaturated fat.
  • Physical activity as a treatment option:

    Although, exercising shows a little effect on the LDL (bad cholesterol) levels, but aerobic exercise can improve insulin sensitivity, triglyceride levels and HDL (good cholesterol) levels. It may also increase lower the risk of developing heart disease.

Individuals who control their diet and follow a regular exercise regime appear to be a little more successful with the long-term modifications in their lifestyle as it improves the heart risk profile.

The above article discusses briefly about the

treatment for high cholesterol

. Along with the dietary supplements and physical activities, patients with high cholesterol levels must take medications. These treatment options effectively help in improving total cholesterol levels. Some of the foods which help to maintain good cholesterol levels include oatmeal, oat bran, beans, kidney, prunes, barley, pears, apples, omega-s fatty acids foods (Mackerel, Herring, Sardines, Lake trout, Albacore tuna, Halibut, Salmon, canola oil and ground flaxseed), almonds, walnuts, hazelnuts, pecans, peanuts, pistachio nuts, some, pine nuts, olive oil and foods with added stanols and sterols (margarines, yogurt and orange juice).

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