Pulmonary Embolism Treatment

Pulmonary embolism is a medical condition in which one or more arteries in the lungs are blocked. The blood clots later travel to other body parts especially legs and is a serious lethal condition.

Pulmonary embolism treatment

with medications and surgeries can help in reducing the risk of death to a great extent. The treatment for pulmonary embolism depends on factors like severity of symptoms and any other medical conditions if present.

The treatment for pulmonary embolism includes medications, surgical treatments and some other options like vena cava filters. The primary goals of

pulmonary embolism treatment


  • Preventing the blood clots formed in lungs from becoming larger.
  • Stopping the formation of new blood clots.


Pulmonary embolism can be treated to an extent through medications. The medications include:

  • Anticoagulants –

    These medications prevent blood clot formation and work very effectively. Anticoagulants such as heparin and warfarin (coumadin) are usually prescribed by the physician against this condition.  They may involve side effects like easy bruising and bleeding gums.

  • Thrombolytics (clot dissolvers) –

    These medications have the ability to dissolve the clots very quickly. They are called clot-busting drugs that cause severe and sudden bleeding. They are usually prescribed in severe cases of pulmonary embolism.

Surgery and Other Treatment Methods

  • Clot Removal –

    The physician may suggest surgical removal of blood clot if it becomes very large. The blood clot is removed using a flexible catheter (tube) threaded along the blood vessels.

  • Vein filter –

    In this treatment procedure, a filter is positioned in the main vein through a catheter. This is kept in such a position that it leads to the right side of the heart from the legs. The filter blocks the blood clots from getting carried to the lungs. This treatment procedure works best for people who do not show any tolerance to anticoagulant medications.

These are the effective treatments for pulmonary embolism medical condition.

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