What Is Serum Cholesterol?

The best way to manage and protect your health from any kind of heart diseases is to understand the cholesterol role in the body. If there is high bad cholesterol in the bloodstream, you will be at greater risk for a heart stroke or attack. This is the reason you should know about the

serum cholesterol

and its levels in the body.

Cholesterol Identification

Serum cholesterol is the

total amount of cholesterol present in the bloodstream

. It is measured in terms of milligrams per deciliter of blood. Cholesterol is produced in the body and moreover gets from the foods we eat. A optimal level of good cholesterol is necessary for the body to keep the functioning of body cells but too high levels are not good. It leads to heart complications.

Types of Serum Cholesterol

Lipoproteins help in transporting the cholesterol through the blood. There are two types of cholesterol namely, good cholesterol called

high density lipoprotein (HDL)

and bad cholesterol called

low density lipoprotein (LDL)

. Good cholesterol helps in eliminating the bad and excess cholesterol in the body whereas bad cholesterol forms plaque in the blood vessels leading to heart diseases. Another type of cholesterol in addition to these two types is triglycerides.

Serum Cholesterol Levels

Knowing the serum cholesterol levels is very important as it helps you in finding the risk of any heart disorder. The cholesterol levels can be determined through blood tests. The

optimal level of cholesterol should be 200 mg/dL

. If this level come down, there will be no risk of any hearty complications. But, if the level rises up to 240 or higher, it leads to serious heart complications. The good cholesterol levels should always be high while the bad cholesterol and triglyceride levels should be low.

Serum Cholesterol Testing

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), it is suggested that individuals above 20 years of age should get their serum

cholesterol levels tested once in five years

. This is important because the serum cholesterol

levels rise about 1 a�� 2 mg for every year

. If you get them checked and watch their levels, you can predict the risk of developing any complications and therefore can take certain preventive steps.

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