Cholestrol

High Cholesterol Risks

Cholesterol is a fat-like, soft substance that circulates in the bloodstream. It performs various body functions and is considered to be an important part of the body cell. Though important for the body, high cholesterol risks the body leading to certain health illnesses, mostly related to heart diseases.

In certain cases, the body produces more cholesterol than what is actually needed. This excess cholesterol accumulates in the arteries and causes blood coagulation, thus obstructing the normal flow of blood. This will lead to heart strokes and attacks which are the major high cholesterol risks.

Types of Cholesterol and the Risks Involved

Cholesterol in the body exists in many forms and the two potent forms are bad cholesterol (LDL cholesterol) and good cholesterol (HDL cholesterol). It is the bad cholesterol that creates the risk of heart diseases. It causes clogging in blood vessels, thus increasing the heart disease risks. The good cholesterol helps in eliminating the bad cholesterol levels from the bloodstream thus reducing the heart disease risks.

The most serious high cholesterol risks include the following diseases:

Atherosclerosis

When the level of cholesterol build up in the blood, the excess cholesterol gets deposited on the inner walls of the arteries. After some time period, this deposited cholesterol hardens the arteries and thus clogs the blood vessels. This condition is called atherosclerosis. This hinders the blood flow and normal blood flow cannot occur. Thus, the heart cannot pump the blood effectively and puts an extra pressure in pumping out the blood. This causes increased blood pressure which causes heart attacks that can be fatal.

Coronary Artery Disease

This is a condition in which the coronary arteries that transport blood to the heart are clogged. The excess cholesterol gets accumulated in the coronary artery and blocks the blood vessels. This leads to difficulty in transport of oxygen and nutrients to reach the heart and thus leads to heart attacks.

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