Drugs to reduce LDL Cholesterol Levels

Cholesterol present in our body consist of triglycerides, Low density lipoprotein(LDL) and high density lipoprotein(HDL). The triglycerides and LDL cholesterols are the bad cholesterol that cause formation of plaque on the artery walls, which increase the risk of coronary heart disease.

Although cholesterols play a vital function in the body, too much of cholesterols cause many serious health problems including heart disease. Therefore, one should control LDL cholesterol levels and maintain a balanced total cholesterol levels. Here are some of the most effective drugs that help lower your LDL cholesterol levels.

Statin Cholesterol-lowering drug:

Statin is one of the most effective drugs used for the treatment of high LDL Cholesterol levels. Studies have shown that taking statin drugs can reduce the LDL cholesterol levels for about 18-55%. When combined with fibrates or niacin drugs LDL cholesterol levels decreases even more then 55% along with triglycerides, and is an excellent weapons to fight against coronary heart disease. Fibrates and niacin both lower triglyceride level from 20-50%, thereby help in lowering the total cholesterol levels, which raise LDL cholesterol levels too.

Different types of Statin drugs:

Fluvastatin, rosuvastatin, lovastatin, simvastatin, pravastatin and atorvastatin are some of the most prescribed statin drugs for the treatment of high LDL cholesterol levels. However, patients with liver disease, pregnant and are allergies to statin drugs, are not recommended to take this statin cholesterol-lowering drugs.

Bile Acid-Binding Drugs:

Colestipol, colesevelam and cholestyramine are some of the bile acid-binding drugs mostly prescribed for lowering LDL cholesterol levels. But, they are not recommended for those people who have high triglyceride levels in addition to high LDL cholesterol levels.

Niacin Drugs:

The prescription form of niacin is nicotinic acid which is use to lower LDL cholesterol levels. There are also other over-the-counter medications of niacin. But, they may not have the same standards of controlling LDL cholesterol levels enjoyed by other medications. Most prescription drugs should be approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) of U.S, but over-the-counter medications, such as niacin do not.

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