Causes of High Cholesterol

There are several reasons for high cholesterol levels. The causes of high cholesterol level can be classified into two different types. The first one, called the primary causes, cannot be controlled and the second one is called secondary causes that can be controlled.

Primary causes that cannot be controlled:

The three primary causes of high cholesterol are genetics, age and sex. These primary causes have been considered as something which cannot be controlled because there is nothing much to do to stop this. However, you can maintain a healthy lifestyle to prevent the risk of getting strokes and heart attacks.

Secondary causes that can be controlled:

These secondary causes are those risk factors that can be avoided. Here are the five main secondary causes of high cholesterol that you can control:


Being overweight tends to increase your bad cholesterol level (LDL). Also, excess weight leads to high triglyceride levels and lowers your good cholesterol level (HDL). If you are overweight, there is higher risk of getting heart disease and strokes. Regular exercise will help you to raise the good cholesterol level (HDL) and lower the bad cholesterol level (LDL). Moreover, it will help you to shed some weight and give you a healthier life.


One of the most important secondary causes of high cholesterol is diet. We need to understand that the liver produces the cholesterol required by our body. So, it’s not necessary to obtain additional cholesterol from foods. Foods that can be taken without restriction are vegetables and fruits. Avoid taking too much of animal and dairy products.


Drinking alcohol may increase the good cholesterol level (HDL) in your body. But, drinking excess of alcohol damages the heart and liver muscles. It also leads to high triglyceride levels and high blood pressure. So, avoid drinking too much alcohol.


People who smoke are more prone to heart diseases and it also reduces the good cholesterol level (HDL) in your body.


Stress may not decrease nor increase your cholesterol levels. But, it affects your eating habits and mood. When you are stressed, you tends to consume more fatty foods like sweets, chocolates and you are also more likely to smoke or drink.

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