High Cholesterol Facts

Cholesterol is a fat present in the body. It is vital for build up of cell membranes in the body. This article highlights on the important cholesterol facts.

Important High Cholesterol Facts

  • High cholesterol levels in the body may be genetic. This condition is referred as familial hypercholesterolemia. It affects 1 in 500 people. It is the main cause for early heart attacks. This disease is caused when two defective genes from parents are transferred to child.
  • Cholesterol tends to deposit on the walls of arteries in the form of plaques. Due to deposition of plaques it causes block in the arteries and lead to heart disease. The arteries turn to yellow color due to deposition of fat.
  • Sometimes excessive cholesterol shows up in the form of yellow bumps known as xanthomas. These patches are found in joints, eyelids and hands. They vary in size. These deposits are more commonly found in people affected with familial hypercholesterolemia.
  • Everyone know that having high cholesterol is dangerous and causes health problems. But sometimes having lower cholesterol also is unhealthy. Total cholesterol should be about 200mg/dl. However, levels below 160mg/dl causes health risk like cancer. In case of pregnant woman, it causes premature delivery of the baby.
  • High cholesterol is often linked with diseases such as kidney failure, Alzheimer’s disease and erectile dysfunction. Increased uptake of fats is responsible for liver cirrhosis.
  • Elevated cholesterol is a serious health problem. By awareness about the dangers of it, screening tests and medication one can prevent it.
  • Taking a diet that is rich in fiber and low in fats is essential. Plenty of fruits and vegetables should be included in the diet.
  • Smoking decreases the level of good cholesterol in the body. Therefore, one should avoid smoking.
  • Regular exercising is beneficial and helps to improve good cholesterol levels.
  • Every person should have their cholesterol levels checked up once they reach the age of 40. If cholesterol are found to be high then one should seek doctor’s advice.

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