What are Omega 3 Fatty Acids?
Omega 3 fatty acids are essential fats required by the body. These fats play a vital role in prevention of several diseases. This article highlights on its benefits, food sources and side effects.
Benefits of Omega 3 fatty Acids
- It is also called as alpha linolenic acid. These fats are required by the body. These fats should be included in the regular diet as they are not produced by the body.
- These fats are important for the development of brain and its function. If sufficient amounts of these are not taken it leads to nerve and brain disorders in children.
- These fats reduce the incidence of heart disease by reducing inflammation. It is necessary to maintain the levels of omega 6 and omega 3 fat level. Omega 6 fat tend to increase inflammation whereas omega 3 reduces inflammation. These fats regulate the production of cytokines that are vital for inflammatory response.
- Increases the activity of enzyme obtained from endothelial cells. This enzyme is vital for relaxation of heart muscles.
- Taking these fats helps to reduce blood pressure, triglycerides, heart attack and strokes. It has profound effect on reducing plaque formation.
- These fats help the body to produce insulin and prevents obesity.
- These fats are effective for rheumatoid arthritis. It reduces morning stiffness and joint pain.
- These fats when taken reduces the symptoms associated with schizophrenia.
- A good balance of these fats and omega 6 fats helps to prevent symptoms of macular degeneration(a disease that increases to blindness)
Fish is an important source of these fats. Salmon, herrings, sardines and mackerel have high concentration of these fats. Walnuts, soybean, canola oil, flax seed oil, nuts, baked foods,pumpkin, tofu and cod liver oil are few other rich sources of these fats.
Symptoms of Omega 3 Fatty acid Deficiency
- Poor circulation
- Dry skin
- Heart problems
- Mood swings