What is Cholesterol Test Procedure ?

Unfortunately, there are no symptoms of high cholesterol levels in the body. A test called lipid profile is carried out to know the levels. This article tries to understand this cholesterol test procedure.

What is Cholesterol Test Procedure ?

For Adults:

  • The elbow region or the back of the hand is chosen to draw out blood from a vein.
  • The chosen area is wiped with an antiseptic that kills the germs.
  • An elastic band is wrapped around the upper arm. This is done to swell the chosen vein by applying pressure.
  • A needle is inserted gently into the vein to collect the blood in a tube like structure.
  • The elastic band can be removed from the arm, once the needle is removed and blood is collected.
  • The site of injection is covered with a cotton ball to stop bleeding.

For Infants:

  • A lancet is a sharp tool which used to inject and collect blood from the skin by making it bleed.
  • Here, a pipette is used to collect the blood. It is a small glass tube.
  • Sometimes a test strip is also used in the place of a pipette.
  • In order to stop the bleeding, a bandage is placed over the area of injection.
  • In infants, a cholesterol test procedure can be necessary to confirm if high cholesterol levels are inherited as heredity from the parents.

Why Cholesterol Test Procedure is to be carried out ?

According to the American Heart Association, every individual above the age of 20 years should check the cholesterol levels every 5 years. The level of this substance in the blood is a precursor to a range of ailments. Some of these ailments are:

  • Formation of plaque in the veins and arteries of heart, or Arteriosclerosis
  • Familial hypercholesterolemia
  • Familial dysbetalipoproteinemia
  • Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes
  • High blood pressure
  • Kidney problem
  • Liver problem
  • Primary biliary cirrhosis

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