How High Cholesterol is Diagnosed ?

According to the American Heart Association,

people above 20 years should get their cholesterol level checked for 5 years periodically

. Cholesterol or fat content in the blood is the precursor of heart disease risk. It is a sum of certain factors like LDL, HDL and Triglycerides. This article tries to seek answer to the question how high cholesterol is diagnosed.

How High Cholesterol is Diagnosed ?

Total cholesterol in the body is sum of bad cholesterol (LDL), good cholesterol (HDL) and Triglycerides. It is measured either in milligrams (mg) per deciliter (dL) of blood. LDL and triglycerides increase the risk of heart disease and HDL is good for the heart. To know the total cholesterol level in the body a test called Lipoprotein profile is carried out. This test reveals information about LDL, HDL, triglycerides and Total cholesterol levels separately.

Each of these factors have their pre-defined range and levels crossing of these ranges is a bad sign. Queries like how high cholesterol is diagnosed should matter to an individual if the level of total cholesterol is 200 mg/dL or more and HDL level is less than 40 mg/dL. Preparation for this test involves fasting for 9 to 12 hours prior to the test.

Harmful Factors which can Lead to Cholesterol Diagnosis:

  • Obesity
  • Lack of Exercise
  • Smoking
  • Alcohol Consumption
  • Very high carb diet
  • Genetic disorder and
  • Certain drugs

Permitted Levels of Total Cholesterol:

S.No. Level of Cholesterol in mg/dL Meaning
1. Less than 200 Desirable
2. 200-239 Border Line
3. 240 and Above High

Permitted Levels of LDL:

S.No. Level of LDL Cholesterol in mg/dL Meaning
1. Less than 100 Optimal
2. 100-129 Near Optimal
3. 130-159 Border Line
4. 160-189 High
5. 190 and Above Very High

Permitted Levels of HDL:

S.No. Levels of HDL in mg/dL Meaning
1. Less than 40 Very High Risk
2. 40-59 Optimal
3. Above 60 Good Protection against Heart Diseases

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